Chaoprasid P, Lukat P, Mühlen S, Heidler T, Gazdag EM, Dong S, Bi W, Rüter C, Kirchenwitz M, Steffen A, Jänsch L, Stradal T, Dersch P, Wulf Blankenfeldt W (2021) Crystal structure of full-length cytotoxic necrotizing factor CNFY reveals molecular building blocks for intoxication. EMBO J 7:e105202
Rüter C, Bielaszewska M (2020) Secretion and Delivery of Intestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli Virulence Factors via Outer Membrane Vesicles. Front Cell Infect Microbiol 10: 91
- Norkowski S., Schmidt M.A., and Rüter C. (2018) The species-spanning family of LPX-motif harboring effector proteins. Cell. Microbiol. 20(11):e12945.
- Benjamin Grabowski, M. Alexander Schmidt & Christian Rüter (2017) Immunomodulatory Yersinia outer proteins (Yops)–useful tools for bacteria and humans alike, Virulence. (doi: 10.1080/21505594.2017.1303588)
GomarascaM., MartinsT.F.C., Greune L., Hardwidge P.R., Schmidt M.A., and RüterC. (2017) Bacterium-derived CPP deliver gentamicin to kill intracellular pathogens. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 61(4):e02545-16.
- Norkowski S., Körner B., Greune L., Stolle A-S., Lubos M-L., Hardwidge P.R., Schmidt M.A. and Rüter C. (2017) Bacterial LPX motif-harboring virulence factors constitute a species-spanning family of cell-penetrating effectors. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 75(12):2273–2289.
- Rüter C., and Schmidt M.A. (2017) Cell-Penetrating Bacterial Effector Proteins: Better Tools than Targets. Trends in Biotechnology. 35(2):109-120.
Effector proteins can also enter host cells in a type III secretion system (T3SS)-independent manner thereby widening their potential functional range to modulate cellular barriers. In this regard, we identified the entire group of bacterial leucine-rich repeat (LPX) effector proteins as so far unknown cell-penetrating effector proteins (CPE), which provided further evidence for a general concept of T3SS-independent translocation. Now we will elucidate the effects of this novel class of CPE in modulating immune responses in cell-culture and animal models and explore potential therapeutic applications of these CPE.
Research area: Infection biology
Dr. rer. nat. Christian Rüter (since 07/2016)
Funding period: July 2012 - June 2020