Dr. phil. Maximilian Bruchmann

Von-Esmarch-Str. 52
D-48149 Muenster

phone:   +49 (0) 251 / 83 - 52 787
fax:   +49 (0) 251 / 83 - 55 494

Research interests

  • Non-conscious emotional processing
  • Neural correlates of consciousness
  • Visual masking
  • EEG & MEG
  • EEG-fMRI integration


  1. Peters, A., Brockhoff, L., Bruchmann, M., Dellert, T., Moeck, R., Schlossmacher, I., & Straube, T. (2023). Visual perceptual load and processing of somatosensory stimuli in primary and secondary somatosensory cortices. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 7005. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-34225-5
  2. Bruchmann, M.*, Mertens, L.*, Schindler, S., & Straube, T. (in press). Potentiated early neural responses to fearful faces are not driven by specific face parts. Scientific Reports
  3. Vormbrock, R., Bruchmann, M., Wolf, M.-I., Straube, T., & Schindler, S. (in press). Effects of emotion on auditory ERPs are independent of manipulated target relevance. Emotion
  4. Brockhoff, L., Vetter, L., Bruchmann, M., Schindler, S., Moeck, R., & Straube T. (in press). The effects of visual working memory load on detection and neural processing of task-unrelated auditory stimuli. Scientific Reports
  5. Dellert, T., Krebs, S., Bruchmann, M., Schindler, S., Peters, A., & Straube, T. (2022). Neural correlates of consciousness in an attentional blink paradigm with uncertain target relevance. NeuroImage, 264, 119679. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119679
  6. Schlossmacher, I., Dilly, J., Protmann, I., Hofmann, D., Dellert, T., Roth-Paysen, M.-L., Moeck, R., Bruchmann, M., & Straube, T. (2022). Differential effects of prediction error and adaptation along the auditory cortical hierarchy during deviance processing. NeuroImage, 259, 119445. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2022.119445
  7. Vormbrock, R., Bruchmann, M., Menne, L., Straube, T., & Schindler, S. (2023). Testing stimulus exposure time as the critical factor of increased EPN and LPP amplitudes for fearful faces during perceptual distraction tasks. Cortex, 160, 9-23. doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2022.12.011
  8. Schindler, S.*, Querengässer, J.*, Bruchmann, M., Moeck, R., & Straube, T. (2021). Bayes Factors show evidence against systematic relationships between the anchoring effect and the Big Five personality traits. Scientific Reports.
  9. Bruchmann, M., Schindler, S., Dinyarian, M., & Straube, T. (2021). The role of phase and orientation for ERP modulations of spectrum-manipulated fearful and neutral faces. Psychophysiology, e13974. doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13974
  10. Schindler, S., Busch, N., Bruchmann, M., Wolf, M.I., & Straube, T. (2021). Early ERP functions are indexed by lateralized effects to peripherally presented emotional faces and scrambles. Psychophysiology, 59(2), e13959. doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13959
  11. Wolf, M.I., Bruchmann, M., Pourtois, G., Schindler, S., & Straube, T. (2021). Top-Down Modulation of Early Visual Processing in V1: Dissociable Neurophysiological Effects of Spatial Attention, Attentional Load and Task-Relevance. Cerebral Cortex, bhab342. doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhab342
  12. Bruchmann, M., Schindler, S., Heinemann, J., Moeck, R., & Straube, T. (2021). Increased early and late neuronal responses to aversively conditioned faces across different attentional conditions. Cortex, 142, 332-341. doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2021.07.003
  13. Dellert, T., Müller-Bardorff, M., Schlossmacher, I., Pitts, M., Hofmann, D., Bruchmann, M., & Straube, T. (2021). Dissociating the neural correlates of consciousness and task relevance in face perception using simultaneous EEG-fMRI. Journal of Neuroscience, 41(37), 7864–7875. doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2799-20.2021
  14. Steinweg, A.*, Schindler, S.*, Bruchmann, M., Moeck, R., & Straube, T. (2021). Reduced early fearful face processing during perceptual distraction in high trait anxious participants. Psychophysiology.
  15. Krasowski, C.*, Schindler, S.*, Bruchmann, M., Moeck, R., & Straube, T. (2021). Electrophysiological responses to negative evaluative person-knowledge: Effects of individual differences. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience.
  16. Schlossmacher, I.*, Dellert, T.*, Bruchmann, M., & Straube, T. (2021). Dissociating neural correlates of consciousness and task relevance during auditory processing. NeuroImage, 228, 117712. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117712
  17. Schindler, S., Gutewort, L., Bruchmann, M., Moeck, R., & Straube, T. (2020). Nonlinear effects of linearly increasing perceptual load on ERPs to emotional pictures. Cerebral Cortex Communications. doi.org/10.1093/texcom/tgaa040
  18. Schindler, S.*, Bruchmann, M.*, Steinweg, A.-L., Moeck, R., & Straube, T. (2020). Attentional conditions differentially affect early, intermediate and late neural responses to fearful and neutral faces. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsaa098
  19. Holtmann, O., Bruchmann, M., Mönig, C., Schwindt, W., Melzer, N., Miltner, W. H. R., & Straube, T. (2020). Lateralized deficits of disgust processing after insula-basal ganglia damage. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01429
  20. Schindler, S., Caldarone, F., Bruchmann, M., Moeck, R., & Straube, T. (2020). Time-dependent effects of perceptual load on processing fearful and neutral faces. Neuropsychologia, 146, 107529. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107529
  21. Bruchmann, M.*, Schindler, S.*, & Straube, T. (2020). The spatial frequency spectrum of fearful faces modulates early and mid‐latency ERPs but not the N170. Psychophysiology, e13597. doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13597
  22. Schlossmacher, I., Dellert, T., Pitts, M., Bruchmann, M., & Straube, T. (2020). Differential effects of awareness and task relevance on early and late ERPs in a no-report visual oddball paradigm. Journal of Neuroscience, 40(14), 2906–2913. doi.org/10.1523/jneurosci.2077-19.2020
  23. Lin, H., Müller-Bardorff, M., Gathmann, B., Brieke, J., Mothes-Lasch, M., Bruchmann, M., Miltner, W. H. R., & Straube, T. (2020). Stimulus arousal drives amygdalar responses to emotional expressions across sensory modalities. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1898. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-58839-1
  24. Schindler, S., Bruchmann, M., Bublatzky, F., & Straube, T. (2019). Modulation of face- and emotion-selective ERPs by the three most common types of face image manipulations. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 14(5), 493–503. doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz027
  25. Figel, B., Brinkmann, L., Buff, C., Heitmann, C.Y., Hofmann, D., Bruchmann, M., Becker, M.P.I., Herrmann, M.J., & Straube, T. (2019). Phasic amygdala and BNST activation during the anticipation of temporally unpredictable social observation in social anxiety disorder patients. NeuroImage: Clinical, 22, 101735. doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101735
  26. Holtmann, O., Schlossmacher, I., Moenig, C., Johnen, A., Rutter, L.-M., Tenberge, J.-G., Schiffler, P., Everding, J., Golombeck, K.S., Strippel, C., Dik, A., Schwindt, W., Wiendl, H., Meuth, S.G., Bruchmann, M., Melzer, N., & Straube, T. (2018). Amygdala enlargement and emotional responses in (autoimmune) temporal lobe epilepsy. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 9561. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27914-z
  27. Müller-Bardorff, M., Bruchmann, M., Mothes-Lasch, M., Zwitserlood, P., Schlossmacher, I., Hofmann, D., Miltner, W., & Straube, T. (2018). Early brain responses to affective faces: A simultaneous EEG-fMRI study. NeuroImage, 178, 660–667. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.05.081
  28. Feldker, K., Heitmann, C.Y., Neumeister, P., Brinkmann, L., Bruchmann, M., Zwitserlood, P., & Straube, T. (2018). Cardiorespiratory concerns shape brain responses during automatic panic-related scene processing in patients with panic disorder. J Psychiatry Neurosci, 43(1), 26–36. doi.org/10.1503/jpn.160226
  29. Brinkmann, L., Buff, C., Feldker, K., Neumeister, P., Heitmann, C.Y., Hofmann, D., Bruchmann, M., Herrmann, M.J., & Straube, T. (2018). Inter-individual differences in trait anxiety shape the functional connectivity between the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and the amygdala during brief threat processing. NeuroImage, 166, 110-116.
  30. Schlossmacher, I., Junghöfer, M., Straube, T., & Bruchmann, M. (2017). No differential effects to facial expressions under continuous flash suppression: An event-related potentials study. NeuroImage, 163(Supplement C), 276–285. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.09.034
  31. Neumeister, P., Feldker, K., Heitmann, C. Y., Buff, C., Brinkmann, L., Bruchmann, M., & Straube, T. (2017). Specific amygdala response to masked fearful faces in post-traumatic stress relative to other anxiety disorders. Psychological Medicine, 1–11. doi.org/10.1017/S0033291717002513
  32. Feldker, K., Heitmann, C. Y., Neumeister, P., Tupak, S. V., Schrammen, E., Moeck, R., Zwitserlood, P., Bruchmann, M., & Straube, T. (2017). Transdiagnostic brain responses to disorder-related threat across four psychiatric disorders. Psychological Medicine, 47(4), 730–743. doi.org/10.1017/S0033291716002634
  33. Buff, C., Brinkmann, L., Bruchmann, M., Becker, M. P. I., Tupak, S., Herrmann, M. J., & Straube, T. (2017). Activity alterations in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and amygdala during threat anticipation in generalized anxiety disorder. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsx103
  34. Bruchmann, M., Korsukewitz, C., Krämer, J., Wiendl, H., & Meuth, S. G. (2016). Dichoptic Metacontrast Masking Functions to Infer Transmission Delay in Optic Neuritis. PLOS ONE, 11(10), e0163375. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163375
  35. Feldker, K., Heitmann, C. Y., Neumeister, P., Bruchmann, M., Vibrans, L., Zwitserlood, P., & Straube, T. (2016). Brain responses to disorder-related visual threat in panic disorder. Human Brain Mapping. doi.org/10.1002/hbm.23320
  36. Müller-Bardorff, M., Schulz, C., Peterburs, J., Bruchmann, M., Mothes-Lasch, M., Miltner, W., Straube T. (2016). Effects of emotional intensity under perceptual load: an event-related potentials (ERPs) study. Biological Psychology [epub ahead of print].
  37. Schröder, O., Schriewer, E., Golombeck, K. S., Kürten, J., Lohmann, H., Schwindt, W., Wiendl, H., Bruchmann, M., Melzer, N.,Straube, T. (2015). Impaired Autonomic Responses to Emotional Stimuli in Autoimmune Limbic Encephalitis. Frontiers in Neurology: Epilepsy, 250. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2015.00250
  38. Bruchmann, M., Thaler, K., & Vorberg, D. (2015). Visible Persistence of Single-Transient Random Dot Patterns: Spatial Parameters Affect the Duration of Fading Percepts. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0137091. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137091
  39. Stein, A., Engell, A., Lau, P., Wunderlich, R., Junghoefer, M., Wollbrink, A., Bruchmann, M., Rudack, C., & Pantev, C. (2015). Enhancing Inhibition-Induced Plasticity in Tinnitus–Spectral Energy Contrasts in Tailor-Made Notched Music Matter. PLoS One. 2015 May 7;10(5):e0126494. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126494
  40. Pape, J., Paraskevopoulos, E., Bruchmann, M., Wollbrink,  A., Rudack, C., & Pantev, C. (2014). Playing and listening to tailor-made notched music: The effectiveness of multimodal and unimodal music training in tinnitus therapy. Neural Plasticity, 2014, e516163. doi:10.1155/2014/516163
  41. Hintze, P., Junghöfer, M., & Bruchmann, M. (2014). Evidence for rapid prefrontal emotional evaluation from visual evoked responses to conditioned gratings. Biological Psychology, 99, 126-136
  42. Bruchmann, M., Hintze, P. & Vorwerk, J. (2012). The time course of feature integration in plaid patterns revealed by meta- and paracontrast masking. Journal of Vision, 12(13). doi:10.1167/12.13.13
  43. Huster, R.J., Enriquez-Geppert, S., Pantev, C., & Bruchmann, M. (2012). Variations in midcingulate morphology are related to ERP indices of cognitive control. Brain Structure and Function. doi:10.1007/s00429-012-0483-5.
  44. Bruchmann, M., Hintze, P., & Mota, S. (2011). The effects of spatial and temporal cueing on metacontrast masking. Advances in Cognitive Psychology. 7: 132-41. doi:10.2478/v10053-008-0093-1.
  45. Bruchmann, M., Breitmeyer, B. G., & Pantev, C. (2010). Metacontrast masking within and between visual channels: Effects of orientation and spatial frequency contrasts. Journal of Vision, 10(6). doi:10.1167/10.6.12
  46. Bruchmann, M., Herper, K., Konrad, C., Pantev, C., & Huster, R.J. (2010). Individualized EEG source reconstruction of Stroop-interference with masked color words. NeuroImage, 49, p. 1800–1809.
  47. Knecht, S., Wersching, H., Lohmann, H., Bruchmann, M., Duning, T., Dziewas, R., Berger, K. & Ringelstein, E.B. (2008). High-normal blood pressure is associated with poor cognitive performance. Hypertension;51(3):663-8.
  48. Dobel, C., Geiger, L., Bruchmann, M., Putsche, C., Schweinberger, S.R. & Junghöfer, M. (2008). On the interplay between familiarity and emotional expression in face perception. Psychological Research, 72:580-586.
  49. Meinhardt, G., Schmidt, M., Persike, M. & Röers, B. (2004). Feature synergy depends on feature contrast and objecthood. Vision Research, 44, p. 1843-1850.

* co-first authors