The SFB-TRR 58 in a nutshell
The overriding aims of this SFB are...
- to form a new generation of researchers focusiong on the emotional basis behavior
- to increase the depth if understanding of the mechanistit principles of fear/anxiety
- to direct research towards a significant improvement in diagnostics and treatment of anxiety disorders.
This SFB has shaped educational programs relating to the neural basis of emotion.
This SFB has linked research at German universities focusing on fear/anxiety/anxiety disorders.
This SFB has developed an interdisciplinary concept linking basic and clinical research
“Now is the age of anxiety” (WH Auden. The age of anxiety: a baroque eclogue. Random House, New York 1947).
Although this text has won the Pulitzer Prize more than 60 years ago, it is still highly valid. Anxiety disorders have the highest lifetime prevalence (14-29%) of psychiatric diseases, and often a very early age of onset, thereby imposing an ever-increasing strain on health providers and burden on the economy.
Biologically, fear and anxiety appear to be part of a universal survival strategy, which is generated in anticipation of or in response to stimuli that threaten homeostasis and survival. Perturbations of these systems can lead to prolonged and disproportional states, which in their extreme or pathological forms include panic disorders, phobias, and posttraumatic stress disorders.
Not surprisingly, these states are under control of a hierarchy of neural systems, and both genetic and environmental factors crucially determine inter-individual variations in fear and anxiety, during early development as well as later in life.