Dr. phil. Maximilian Bruchmann

Von-Esmarch-Str. 52
D-48149 Muenster

phone:   +49 (0) 251 / 83 - 52 787
fax:   +49 (0) 251 / 83 - 55 494

Research interests

  • Non-conscious emotional processing
  • Neural correlates of consciousness
  • Visual masking
  • EEG & MEG
  • EEG-fMRI integration


  1. Figel, B., Brinkmann, L., Buff, C., Heitmann, C.Y., Hofmann, D., Bruchmann, M., Becker, M.P.I., Herrmann, M.J., & Straube, T. (2019). Phasic amygdala and BNST activation during the anticipation of temporally unpredictable social observation in social anxiety disorder patients. NeuroImage: Clinical, 22, 101735. doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101735
  2. Schindler, S., Bruchmann, M., Bublatzky, F., & Straube, T. (2019). Modulation of face- and emotion-selective ERPs by the three most common types of face image manipulations. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz027
  3. Holtmann, O., Schlossmacher, I., Moenig, C., Johnen, A., Rutter, L.-M., Tenberge, J.-G., Schiffler, P., Everding, J., Golombeck, K.S., Strippel, C., Dik, A., Schwindt, W., Wiendl, H., Meuth, S.G., Bruchmann, M., Melzer, N., & Straube, T. (2018). Amygdala enlargement and emotional responses in (autoimmune) temporal lobe epilepsy. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 9561. doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27914-z
  4. Müller-Bardorff, M., Bruchmann, M., Mothes-Lasch, M., Zwitserlood, P., Schlossmacher, I., Hofmann, D., Miltner, W., & Straube, T. (2018). Early brain responses to affective faces: A simultaneous EEG-fMRI study. NeuroImage, 178, 660–667. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.05.081
  5. Feldker, K., Heitmann, C.Y., Neumeister, P., Brinkmann, L., Bruchmann, M., Zwitserlood, P., & Straube, T. (2018). Cardiorespiratory concerns shape brain responses during automatic panic-related scene processing in patients with panic disorder. J Psychiatry Neurosci, 43(1), 26–36. doi.org/10.1503/jpn.160226
  6. Brinkmann, L., Buff, C., Feldker, K., Neumeister, P., Heitmann, C.Y., Hofmann, D., Bruchmann, M., Herrmann, M.J., & Straube, T. (2018). Inter-individual differences in trait anxiety shape the functional connectivity between the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and the amygdala during brief threat processing. NeuroImage, 166, 110-116.
  7. Schlossmacher, I., Junghöfer, M., Straube, T., & Bruchmann, M. (2017). No differential effects to facial expressions under continuous flash suppression: An event-related potentials study. NeuroImage, 163(Supplement C), 276–285. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.09.034
  8. Neumeister, P., Feldker, K., Heitmann, C. Y., Buff, C., Brinkmann, L., Bruchmann, M., & Straube, T. (2017). Specific amygdala response to masked fearful faces in post-traumatic stress relative to other anxiety disorders. Psychological Medicine, 1–11. doi.org/10.1017/S0033291717002513
  9. Feldker, K., Heitmann, C. Y., Neumeister, P., Tupak, S. V., Schrammen, E., Moeck, R., Zwitserlood, P., Bruchmann, M., & Straube, T. (2017). Transdiagnostic brain responses to disorder-related threat across four psychiatric disorders. Psychological Medicine, 47(4), 730–743. doi.org/10.1017/S0033291716002634
  10. Buff, C., Brinkmann, L., Bruchmann, M., Becker, M. P. I., Tupak, S., Herrmann, M. J., & Straube, T. (2017). Activity alterations in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and amygdala during threat anticipation in generalized anxiety disorder. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsx103
  11. Bruchmann, M., Korsukewitz, C., Krämer, J., Wiendl, H., & Meuth, S. G. (2016). Dichoptic Metacontrast Masking Functions to Infer Transmission Delay in Optic Neuritis. PLOS ONE, 11(10), e0163375. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163375
  12. Feldker, K., Heitmann, C. Y., Neumeister, P., Bruchmann, M., Vibrans, L., Zwitserlood, P., & Straube, T. (2016). Brain responses to disorder-related visual threat in panic disorder. Human Brain Mapping. doi.org/10.1002/hbm.23320
  13. Müller-Bardorff, M., Schulz, C., Peterburs, J., Bruchmann, M., Mothes-Lasch, M., Miltner, W., Straube T. (2016). Effects of emotional intensity under perceptual load: an event-related potentials (ERPs) study. Biological Psychology [epub ahead of print].
  14. Schröder, O., Schriewer, E., Golombeck, K. S., Kürten, J., Lohmann, H., Schwindt, W., Wiendl, H., Bruchmann, M., Melzer, N.,Straube, T. (2015). Impaired Autonomic Responses to Emotional Stimuli in Autoimmune Limbic Encephalitis. Frontiers in Neurology: Epilepsy, 250. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2015.00250
  15. Bruchmann, M., Thaler, K., & Vorberg, D. (2015). Visible Persistence of Single-Transient Random Dot Patterns: Spatial Parameters Affect the Duration of Fading Percepts. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0137091. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137091
  16. Stein, A., Engell, A., Lau, P., Wunderlich, R., Junghoefer, M., Wollbrink, A., Bruchmann, M., Rudack, C., & Pantev, C. (2015). Enhancing Inhibition-Induced Plasticity in Tinnitus–Spectral Energy Contrasts in Tailor-Made Notched Music Matter. PLoS One. 2015 May 7;10(5):e0126494. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126494
  17. Pape, J., Paraskevopoulos, E., Bruchmann, M., Wollbrink,  A., Rudack, C., & Pantev, C. (2014). Playing and listening to tailor-made notched music: The effectiveness of multimodal and unimodal music training in tinnitus therapy. Neural Plasticity, 2014, e516163. doi:10.1155/2014/516163
  18. Hintze, P., Junghöfer, M., & Bruchmann, M. (2014). Evidence for rapid prefrontal emotional evaluation from visual evoked responses to conditioned gratings. Biological Psychology, 99, 126-136
  19. Bruchmann, M., Hintze, P. & Vorwerk, J. (2012). The time course of feature integration in plaid patterns revealed by meta- and paracontrast masking. Journal of Vision, 12(13). doi:10.1167/12.13.13
  20. Huster, R.J., Enriquez-Geppert, S., Pantev, C., & Bruchmann, M. (2012). Variations in midcingulate morphology are related to ERP indices of cognitive control. Brain Structure and Function. doi:10.1007/s00429-012-0483-5.
  21. Bruchmann, M., Hintze, P., & Mota, S. (2011). The effects of spatial and temporal cueing on metacontrast masking. Advances in Cognitive Psychology. 7: 132-41. doi:10.2478/v10053-008-0093-1.
  22. Bruchmann, M., Breitmeyer, B. G., & Pantev, C. (2010). Metacontrast masking within and between visual channels: Effects of orientation and spatial frequency contrasts. Journal of Vision, 10(6). doi:10.1167/10.6.12
  23. Bruchmann, M., Herper, K., Konrad, C., Pantev, C., & Huster, R.J. (2010). Individualized EEG source reconstruction of Stroop-interference with masked color words. NeuroImage, 49, p. 1800–1809.
  24. Knecht, S., Wersching, H., Lohmann, H., Bruchmann, M., Duning, T., Dziewas, R., Berger, K. & Ringelstein, E.B. (2008). High-normal blood pressure is associated with poor cognitive performance. Hypertension;51(3):663-8.
  25. Dobel, C., Geiger, L., Bruchmann, M., Putsche, C., Schweinberger, S.R. & Junghöfer, M. (2008). On the interplay between familiarity and emotional expression in face perception. Psychological Research, 72:580-586.
  26. Meinhardt, G., Schmidt, M., Persike, M. & Röers, B. (2004). Feature synergy depends on feature contrast and objecthood. Vision Research, 44, p. 1843-1850.